Napoleon Bonaparte's Army
the Revolution, France abolished
the Royalist army's term "regiment" for its infantry
groupings and replaced it with demi-brigade.
a demi-brigade should have had some 3300 men, with 100 officers,
but in reality many were just a third of that strength.
1791 to 1799, more than 1.5 million men were conscripted
into the military. Under Napoleon
Bonaparte, a further 2.5 million took up arms.
1804, the French had more than 350,000 soldiers, organised
into corps that were independent armies of varying sizes.
Each contained infantry, cavalry, artillery and engineers
and was capable of fighting at least a delaying action against
most formations until reinforcements came.
this system, Bonaparte added his own Battalion Carre, which
meant individual corps would move towards a predetermined
point separately, but within a day's march of each other.
strategy not only gave corps commanders confidence that
support was not far away, but also lessened the strain a
single army marching along a single route placed upon local
This was particularly important in nations like Spain
and Russia where the land
was poor and barely able to sustain the population let alone
huge armies. It also allowed for speed and flexibility of