1792-1815 (volume 1)
Artwork by Ray
Guns, 1792 to 1815. Rene Chartrand Ray Hutchins If you are interested
in Napoleonís artillery, in particular the field guns, then youíll
have a good read ahead of you with this title.
Chartrandís Napoleonís Guns (I) looks at the reformation
of Franceís artillery throughout the 18th Century and reveals
there was quite a battle over which system to adopt.
will have heard of General Jean-Baptiste Gribeauval, but how about
General Jean Valliere?
was the later who began the much-needed revolution in the French
artillery arm in the 1730s and for a while it did the trick by
standardizing calibers and making them more mobile.
the need for mobility became paramount during the Seven Years
War, in which the French cannons were totally outclassed by its
opponents. Enter Gribeauval and his plan to make his artillery
the best organized and equipped in Europe.
Gribeauval system was based on Austriaís Lichtenstein system Ė
with improvements Ė but the doubling of firepower for the French
army didnít stop Valliereís son from trying to throw it all out
and reintroduce his dadís one.
the political in-fighting is fascinating and so is Chartrandís
overview of Napoleonís Guns.
chapters include Field Ordnance, Standard Manufacture and Expert
Service, Valliere Counterattacks, Artillery Units, The Year XI
System, Regimental Guns, Paint and Trim, Mountain Artillery, Ammunitions
and Imperial Campaigns.
Hutchinsí artworks are nicely rendered images of a French 12-pounder,
a 6-pound howitzer, caissons and other equipment, a Year XI field
gun and carriage and a 4-pounder crew in action.