The Peninsular War (2)
1807 to 1814
Battles Location Map
Suggestions for Portugal
Deaths in British Army Hospitals
for Junot and France, the British were led by Arthur
Wellesley, whose military prowess was fostered in India
and was therefore unrecognised in Europe.
beat General Delaborde at Rolica
on 17 August and four days later took on a reinforced Junot
battle ended in victory for the maligned "Sepoy General"
Wellesley and with the French on their knees, British idiocy
took over when two geriatric generals - Sir
Harry "Betty" Burrard and Sir
Hew "Dowager" Dalrymple - were placed in command of
pair negotiated the embarrassing Convention
of Cintra with Junot that allowed the trapped Frenchman
to withdraw his troops, with all their equipment, on British
ships back to France.
Burrard and Dalrymple were all brought before an inquiry
and only Wellesley was acquitted of any wrong-doing.
the meantime, Sir John Moore took
over the British army and, in expectation of major support
from the Spanish, advanced deep into Spain.
was badly let down by the Spanish and found himself without
support and up against no lesser opponent than Bonaparte
turned his army around and began a horrendous retreat through
winter-blasted mountains that tested the British army to
its limits. When faced with destruction, however, the exhausted
redcoats turned on their attackers and saw them off. They
won two clashes at Sahagun,
Benavente and Cacobelos.
city of Corunna was the haven for Moore as the Royal Navy
was waiting to evacuate his army.
Marshal Soult now at his heels, Moore arrived at Corunna
and organised a defensive perimeter to hold the French at
bay while his men embarked.
was a victory for Britain, but Moore died during the battle,
opening the way for the return of Wellington as commander.