The First Coalition (2)
1792 to 1797
attacked Saxe-Coburg at Neerwinden,
but was sent into flight.
Austrian advance then retook Brussels and when the political
police travelling with the revolutionary armies accused
Dumouriez of betrayal he fled to his former enemy's camp.
France's ruling Committee of Public Safety sent the unlucky
General Dampierre to hold Saxe-Coburg, but he was killed
they tried Custine but the demoralised French were no match
for the Austrians at Valenciennes and Custine was guillotined
for his troubles.
With paranoia gripping France, General Jean Houchard took
over the Army of the North - which had been bolstered by
the conscripts of the the newly introduced levee en masse
- and sparked confidence when he defeated the Duke of York
He then went on to beat the Prince of Orange at Menin but,
staggeringly, was alleged to have not tried hard enough
and found himself a victim of Madame
General Jean-Baptiste Jourdan
now took the poisoned chalice of leading the army, but the
pressure was somewhat eased by Lazare
Carnot, the Minister of War, who held supreme command.
sent Jourdan against Saxe-Coburg's force that was investing
Mauberge and the French won the resulting battle of Wattignies.
was the first of many pieces of good news. Toulon
was recaptured from the Anglo-Spanish
naval expedition that had held it for months, General
Lazare Hoche refused to be put off by a loss at Kaiserslautern
and beat a Prussian army at Froschwiller on 22 December
and an Austrian one under General
Dagobert Wurmser at Geisberg on 26 December.