The First Coalition (3)
1792 to 1797
zeal continued to build in 1794 with victories at Tourcoing,
Hooglede and Fleurus.
captured Brussels and Antwerp and finally drove the Austrians
from the Netherlands.
On the southern border, French forces checked moves from
Spanish armies, but lost Corsica,
its West Indies holdings and the naval battle of First of
northern Netherlands - the United Provinces - were Protestant
and joined the fight against France when its southern cousins
were annexed into Revolutionary France.
in 1795, General Jean Pichegru
moved against the Protestant Dutch and seized its ice-locked
fleet with horsemen.
Netherlands was now under complete French control.
16 May, Prussia quit the war and signed the Treaty of Basle.
Soon after, Spain and the minor German states also made
their peace with France.
In June, the British navy landed 3500 pro-royalist and émigré
troops in France at Quiberon.
The hope was to ferment unrest, but the plan underestimated
French resolve and Hoche moved quickly to crush the insurgents.
uprising was short-lived and fewer than half of the landed
troops escaped back to Britain.
major loss for France was that of General Pichegru who,
defeated at Mainz on 29 October, defected to the Austrians
rather than face the wrath of his superiors, or the bite
of the guillotine.
1796, the two remaining protagonists - France and Austria
- squared up to each other in Germany and Italy.