The First Coalition (4)
1792 to 1797
Jean Moreau and Jourdan took on Archduke
Charles along the Rhine, with Jourdan trying to pin
the new Austrian commanders forces to allow his colleague
to cross the mighty river and invade Bavaria.
beat Jourdan at Wetzlar, forcing him back across the Rhine,
and then pursued Moreau. He caught him at Malsh where neither
side could get an advantage and then returned his attentions
to Jourdan. Charles beat the Frenchman at Amberg,
and then Wurzburg, while
Moreau bested the Austrian covering force at Freidberg.
with his colleague pushed back it left Moreau in an untenable
position and he, too, retreated.
two nations then signed an armistice.
The war in Italy saw the rise of one of the great military
leaders - General Napoleon
Bonaparte - who transformed a ragtag army of half-starving
troops into a fine fighting force.
His first problem was being faced by two enemies, the Austrians
under General Jean Beaulieu and General
Michael Colli's Piedmontese army.
in between the two forces, Bonaparte split them further
at Montenotte and defeated
Beaulieu at Dego. Turning
on Colli, the French general hammered his army at Mondovi.
then called for a halt to hostilities and two weeks later
Piedmont quit the war. Another clash with the Austrians,
this time at Lodi, cleared Lombardy of the enemy and Bonaparte
then kept then pressure on the withdrawing Beaulieu and
followed him into the Tyrol.
A new danger loomed when General Dagobert
Wurmser led another army into northern Italy to break
the siege of the fortress of Mantua,
the last toehold the Austrians had in the region.