the French thoroughly beaten in Portugal after the battle of Vimiero,
Britain had a real chance of delivering a knockout blow to Napoleon
Bonaparte's Peninsular ambitions.
for the British, two new senior commanders - first Sir
Harry Burrard and then, a day later, Sir
Hew Dalrymple - arrived to take over the army from Sir
senior in years to Wellesley, the pair failed to follow-up the victory
at Vimiero and then proceeded to talks terms with the General
Jean-Andoche Junot, who had suddenly found himself defeated
and cut off from France.
Dalrymple began negotiations with General Francois Kellerman who
seemed to run rings around the older man.
the Convention of Cintra was signed on 30 August 1808 the French
were to evacuate their fortresses in Portugal, but then the British
- fuming at Dalrymple's decision - were to transport the French
army of some 26,000 men back to France.
only was the Royal Navy to carry the French, but also their weapons,
belongings and any loot they had been able to steal during the campaign.
French were also not put under a restriction upon their returning
to fight again in the Peninsula.
he signed it, Wellesley denounced the convention but he, and Dalrymple
and Burrard, were ordered back to London where they faced an official
who had opposed the treaty, was exonerated. Dalrymple and Burrard
were quietly removed from command and never served again.