of the unluckiest commanders of the Revolutionary
Wars, Adam Custine began his career as a captain in the Seven
Years' War (1756-1763) and then served as a colonel in America during
its War of Independence from Britain.
as a politician ended in 1791 when Custine returned to military
invaded Germany in 1792 and reached Frankfurt, but a counterattack
from the Duke of Brunswick forced him to seek protection in Mainz.
then took over the demoralised Army of the North after the death
of General Dampierre and fought unsuccessfully at Valenciennes.
he was unreasonably accused of treason - including one charge that
he did not dine with revolutionary commissars attached to his army
- by the Committee for Public Safety and guillotined.