European by birth, Ibrahim was stolen from what is now Czechoslovakia
and sold into Muslim slavery.
owner was the ruler of Egypt and through loyal service Ibrahim was
freed and then given authority over Cairo.
his mentor's death, he jointly ruled Egypt with Murad
Despite fighting well, his troops were beaten by Napoleon
Bonaparte at the Battle of the
Pyramids and later at Heliopolis.
His defeats effectively ended his rule, even after the French left
Egypt, and after surviving the Turkish massacre of Mamelukes in
1811, disappeared from history.