for the French loss at Waterloo
has been heaped upon Grouchy whose courage and fine career, as well
as winning the battle of Wavre, have
been largely ignored.
aristocrat, Grouchy joined the army in 1781 and after six years
moved into the king's Gardes du Corps, where his strong republican
by his heritage he was sacked in 1793 but, within two years, was
a general of division.
with Hoche on the Ireland expedition he returned to lead the French
left at Novi.
he was taken prisoner, but did later command a division again at
abilities as a cavalry commander were shown at Eylau
and Friedland and while he performed
soundly as an administrator - he was governor of Madrid - and served
in Italy and at Wagram, his earlier
friendship with General Jean Moreau
and his pro-republic stance counted against him when the
Marshalate was picked.
1812, Grouchy commanded the III Cavalry Corps at Borodino
and performed exceptionally well during the horrendous retreat from
his health badly knocked about the hardships of the retreat he retired
but rejoined the cause in 1814, where he suffered a wound at Craonne.
did work under the Bourbons, but swapped sides for the 100
was promoted to marshal and given command of the right wing of the
Army of the North - with well known results.
insisted on following orders to pursue the retreating Prussian army,
instead of "marching to the sound of the guns" at Waterloo,
and that allowed enough of Blucher's men to arrive on Bonaparte's
flank and decide the crucial battle.
is unfortunate for Grouchy his long years of good service counted,
historically, for nought.