Population: 10 million
at the time of the French Revolution
and Napoleonic Wars was a shadow of its former power and
cronyism and almost non-existent leadership from King
Charles IV had brought this once-great empire to its
financial knees and left its military in a very poor state.
IV was dominated by his wife, Maria
Louisa, and she in turn was advised by her lover Manuel
Godoy in matters of state.
Spain allied itself against France's revolution but in 1795
entered a peace with its northern and powerful neighbour.
By 1796, it was actively allied to her and Spanish fleets
backed French ships against Britain's Royal Navy.
1807, Spain allowed French troops to move through its territory
to deal with Portugal, which had been openly defying Napoleon
Bonaparte's Continental trade blockade of Britain.
troops not only reached Portugal, but also managed to unofficially
occupy important military positions in Spain.
then took advantage of quarrelling within the Royal Family
to not only have Charles IV abdicate, but also secured the
renouncement of the throne by his son and heir Ferdinand.
it was announced that the French emperor's brother, Joseph,
would become King of Spain there was a revolt that resulted
in Bonaparte being forced to keep an extraordinary number
of troops in the country to try to maintain peace.
Peninsular War against a British army led by the Duke
of Wellington and the accompanying constant guerrilla
warfare against French troops were two of the major
factors in the eventual defeat of Bonaparte.