Viceroy of Italy
brave, loyal and generous, Eugene Beauharnais was very close to
his stepfather Napoleon Bonaparte
and regularly went to war with him.
own father, General Alexandre de Beauharnais, had been executed
during the revolution.
acted as a member of Bonaparte's staff during the Italian campaign
of 1796 and later in Egypt, where
he was wounded at Acre.
became a general in 1804 and, in rapid succession, a prince of the
empire and Viceroy of Italy.
fought well in Italy during the 1809
campaign and pleased his stepfather greatly with a stirling
performance at Wagram.
also allowed him to show his skills as a leader and he replaced
Marshal Murat as overall commander
during the horrendous retreat from Moscow.
Bonaparte went on to the defensive in 1813
and 1814, Eugene provided
much needed loyalty and support. He delivered a decisive performance
at Lutzen and then entered into
a hard-fought campaign that kept the Austrians out of Italy.
Bonaparte's first abdication, Eugene married the daughter of the
King of Bavaria and when his stepfather returned he did not join
him because of a promise made to his father-in-law.
continued to live in Bavaria and died from brain haemorrhages -
aged only 43.