veteran of the American War of Independence, William Hull was thought
to be courageous and reliable.
was Governor of the Michigan area and, in 1812, was dragooned into
taking over the military operations in his territory.
was persuaded to invade upper Canada but that military operation
was almost over before it began and - in the face of a very small
British force under Sir Isaac Brock
- surrendered Detroit without a shot.
defended his actions by saying it had saved the lives of the citizens
was allowed to return to America where he was court martialled and
sentenced to be executed by firing squad.
He received a presidential pardon and was allowed to retire.