soldier and diplomat, Ferdinand Winzingerode initially fought the
French as an officer for Austria before joining Tsar
his knowledge of the Austrian army he proved invaluable in his new
position and, as the Tsar planned war with France, was sent back
to Vienna to coordinate preparations.
fought at Austerlitz, but was
captured by the French, and when released earnt the Tsar's displeasure
by loudly opposing the Treaty of Tilsit between France and Russia.
to face the French invasion in 1812,
Winzergerode was again captured but was rescued while on his way
1813, he led a Russian corps with
the Swedish army and fought at Leipzig.
into France he was beaten by Napoleon
Bonaparte - the French emperor's second-last victory - at St