Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign (2)
1798 to 1801
Map of Campaign
5000 enemy became casualties while Bonaparte had just under
300 killed and injured.
second force of some 100,000 under Ibrahim
Bey retreated north-east towards Syria.
days later, the French took Cairo but the campaign's successes
were ruined by Admiral Horatio
Nelson's defeat of the French navy at Aboukir
Bay, which saw Bonaparte's army cut off from its supply
of 1798 saw a bloody uprising in Cairo against the infidel
invaders. Bonaparte's attempts to molify Egyptians by saying
they were being freed from Mameluke rule did not succeed
and when a mob of several thousand rampaged through the
city it cost the lives of 300 Frenchmen. The rebellion ended
after the Europeans turned their cannons on to the El Azhar
the invaders had to suffer an outbreak of the plague, which
decimated French ranks, but Bonaparte's bravery again put
heart into his troops when he personally visited the sick
and dying at a time when even their physicians were avoiding
February of 1799, Bonaparte marched at the head of 13,000
men towards Syria, where the Syrian leader, Djezzar Pasha,
had organised a huge army to attack Egypt.
was also now at war with Turkey and Bonaparte knew there
were British plans to transport and land an Ottoman army
to his rear.
therefore, was of the essence but the campaign got off to
a poor start when a strong fort at El
Arish held out for 10 days before surrendering.
delay was crucial, as was another at Jaffa,
when it was discovered that many of the troops in that city
had given their word not to fight against the French having
been given clemency at El Arish.