younger brother of Francis I
and the Archduke Charles, Archduke
John was an inexperienced and average soldier who owed his command
to his royal connections.
first task as an army commander was in 1800 against the French in
Germany. His lack of experience cost the Austrians dearly at Hohenlinden.
the Danube Campaign in 1809,
John managed a victory over Eugene
Beauharnais at Sacile, but lost the rematch at Raab.
Wagram, his brother Charles blamed
his late arrival at the battle for the Austrian defeat and worsened
relations between the pair.