8 January, 1812
Battle Tour Guides
start of one of the British army's most difficult clashes
began at the border fortress of Ciudad Rodrigo on 8 January,
The bastion covered the northern gateway from Portugal to
Spain and was crucial to both sides' plans for upcoming
For the French it was to delay the Anglo-Portuguese, while
for the Duke of Wellington
it was necessary to remove it as a challenge to his supply
capturing a hill at the northern part of the town the British
pounded away with cannon until two breaches had been created.
On the 19th, Wellington ordered an assault that eventually
succeeded, albeit at great cost.
600 Allied troops died and Britain lost one of its best
commanders in General Robert