18 October, 1812
to slip into a false sense of security by the Russians,
Marshal Murat was caught
completely by surprise when attacked by an army of 36,000
men under Field Marshal Mikhail
his 18,000 men assailed from three sides, Murat fought a
dogged action and only just managed to stave off being completely
surrounded with a desperate defence of his rear escape route.
cavalry and infantry combining, the French eventually broke
out of the trap and escaped.
left behind 3500 dead, injured and captured, the Russians
lost some 1500.