18 October, 1812

Allowed to slip into a false sense of security by the Russians, Marshal Murat was caught completely by surprise when attacked by an army of 36,000 men under Field Marshal Mikhail Kutusov.

With his 18,000 men assailed from three sides, Murat fought a dogged action and only just managed to stave off being completely surrounded with a desperate defence of his rear escape route.

With cavalry and infantry combining, the French eventually broke out of the trap and escaped.

They left behind 3500 dead, injured and captured, the Russians lost some 1500.




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