as Madame Mere, Letizia Bonaparte bore 13 children to her husband
Carlo, but five died when young children.
the Bonapartes were expelled from Corsica
for their pro-French views, Letizia settled her family near Toulon.
eminently sensible and practical woman, Letizia regularly counselled
her royal children to prepare for a downturn in their fortunes.
that day arrived after the fall of Napoleon,
she retired to Rome.