16-28 August 1810
4 April to 10 May 1811

Almeida was a Portuguese fortress that, like its Spanish counterpart at Ciudad Rodrigo, sat across the main northern route from Spain into Portugal.

To safely control the road the French had to take the stronghold and Marshal Ney was sent to lay siege to it. He invested it on 16 August.

The British sat comfortably behind the walls for 12 days, but then fate took a hand and the fortress's magazine erupted in a massive explosion that stunned the defenders and virtually handed the position to Ney.

Almeida remained in French control until 1811 when the British surrounded it and began siege operations.

An attempt by Marshal Massena to break the encirclement was fended off by the Duke of Wellington at Fuentes de Onoro and, after hearing news of the defeat, the 1300-man garrison abandoned the fortress, fought their way through the British lines and escaped.


Napoleon Bonaparte
Career Portraits
Quotes Family
Loves Letters
Plots Murdered?
His will Places
Era of Napoleon
Powers Opponents
Coalitions Allies
People Timelines
Key sites Shrapnel
Campaigns Battles
Armies Generals
Marshals Winners
Glossary Medical
Weapons 1812 War
Uniforms Battlefields
War at Sea
Naval War Heroes
Artworks Signals
Nelson Trafalgar
Key Maps Peninsula
Animated 1796/1800
1809 Russia
French Revolution
Revolution Guillotine
Posters People
Art, Film, Games
Education Goya
Sharpe Hornblower
Books Movies
DVDs Music
Wargames Images
Cartoons Caricatures
About Us Sources
Awards Sitemap
Links Militaria
Miniatures Reenactors
Forum Quizzes
Home Waterloo Diorama
Copyright Richard Moore 1999-2017 | Privacy Policy | Contact Us